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[texts]grimms law a study - T. LE marchant douse
Book digitized by Google from the library of Oxford University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.
Downloads: 56
[texts]Atomic hydrogen in AGB circumstellar environments. A case study: X Her - E. Gardan
We report the detection of the HI line at 21 cm from the circumstellar shell around the AGB star X Her using the position-switching technique with the Nancay Radio Telescope. At the star position the line shows 2 components: (i) a broad one (FWHM ~ 13 km/s) centered at -72.2 km/s, and (ii) a narrow one (FWHM \~ 4 km/s) centered at ~ -70.6 km/s. Our map shows that the source associated to the broad component is asymmetric with material flowing preferentially towards the North-East...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Solving parabolic equations on the unit sphere via Laplace transforms and radial basis functions - Q. T. Le Gia
We propose a method to construct numerical solutions of parabolic equations on the unit sphere. The time discretization uses Laplace transforms and quadrature. The spatial approximation of the solution employs radial basis functions restricted to the sphere. The method allows us to construct high accuracy numerical solutions in parallel. We establish $L_2$ error estimates for smooth and nonsmooth initial data, and describe some numerical experiments.
Downloads: 2
[texts]The formation of a detached shell around the carbon star Y CVn - Y. Libert
Y CVn is a carbon star surrounded by a detached dust shell that has been imaged by the Infrared Space Observatory at 90 microns. With the Nancay Radio Telescope we have studied the gaseous counterpart in the 21-cm HI emission line. New data have been acquired and allow to improve the signal to noise ratio on this line. The high spectral resolution line profiles obtained at the position of the star and at several offset positions set strong constraints on the gas temperature and kinematics within...
Downloads: 1
[texts]An HI 21-cm line survey of evolved stars - E. Gerard
The HI line at 21 cm is a tracer of circumstellar matter around AGB stars, and especially of the matter located at large distances (0.1-1 pc) from the central stars. It can give unique information on the kinematics and on the physical conditions in the outer parts of circumstellar shells and in the regions where stellar matter is injected into the interstellar medium. However this tracer has not been much used up to now, due to the difficulty of separating the genuine circumstellar emission from...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Correlation of Photon and Neutrino Fluxes in Blazars and Gamma Ray Bursts - C. Dermer
Relativistic black-hole jet sources are leading candidates for high energy (>> TeV) neutrino production. The relations defining (a) efficient photopion losses of cosmic-ray protons on target photons and (b) gamma-gamma opacity of gamma rays through that same target photon field imply clear multiwavelength predictions for when and at what energies blazars and GRBs should be most neutrino bright and gamma-ray dim...
[texts]Localized linear polynomial operators and quadrature formulas on the sphere - Q. T. Le Gia
The purpose of this paper is to construct universal, auto--adaptive, localized, linear, polynomial (-valued) operators based on scattered data on the (hyper--)sphere $\SS^q$ ($q\ge 2$). The approximation and localization properties of our operators are studied theoretically in deterministic as well as probabilistic settings. Numerical experiments are presented to demonstrate their superiority over traditional least squares and discrete Fourier projection polynomial approximations...
Downloads: 6
[texts]Time-Dependent Stochastic Particle Acceleration in Astrophysical Plasmas: Exact Solutions Including Momentum-Dependent Escape - P. A. Becker
Stochastic acceleration of charged particles due to interactions with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma waves is the dominant process leading to the formation of the high-energy electron and ion distributions in a variety of astrophysical systems. Collisions with the waves influence both the energization and the spatial transport of the particles, and therefore it is important to treat these two aspects of the problem in a self-consistent manner...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Reentrant behavior of divalent counterion mediated DNA-DNA electrostatic interaction - SeIl Lee
The problem of DNA-DNA interaction mediated by divalent counterions is studied using computer simulation. Although divalent counterions cannot condense free DNA molecules in solution, we show that if DNA configurational entropy is restricted, divalent counterions can cause DNA reentrant condensation similar to that caused by tri- or tetra-valent counterions. DNA-DNA interaction is strongly repulsive at small or large counterion concentration and is negligible or slightly attractive for a concent...
Downloads: 1
[texts]The Multi-path Utility Maximization and Multi-path TCP Design - Phuong L. Vo
The network utility maximization problem (NUM) for multi-path is a problem which is non-strictly convex and non-separable. Using Jensen's inequality, we approximate the NUM to a strictly convex and separable problem which can be solved efficiently by the dual decomposition method. After a series of approximations, the result of the approximation problem converges to the globally optimal solution of the original problem...
Downloads: 2
[texts]HI and CO in the circumstellar environment of the oxygen-rich AGB star RX Lep - Y. Libert
Circumstellar shells around AGB stars are built over long periods of time that may reach several million years. They may therefore be extended over large sizes (~1 pc, possibly more), and different complementary tracers are needed to describe their global properties. In the present work, we combined 21-cm HI and CO rotational line data obtained on an oxygen-rich semi-regular variable, RX Lep, to describe the global properties of its circumstellar environment...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Discovery of a detached HI gas shell surrounding alpha Orionis - T. Le Bertre
We report the detection of the HI line at 21 cm in the direction of alpha Ori with the Nancay Radiotelescope and with the Very Large Array. The observations confirm the previous detection of HI emission centered on alpha Ori, but additionally reveal for the first time a quasi-stationary detached shell of neutral atomic hydrogen ~4 arcmin. in diameter (0.24 pc at a distance of 200 pc). The detached shell appears elongated in a direction opposite to the star's space motion...
Downloads: 6
[texts]A pseudospectral quadrature method for Navier-Stokes equations on rotating spheres - M. Ganesh
In this work, we describe, analyze, and implement a pseudospectral quadrature method for a global computer modeling of the incompressible surface Navier-Stokes equations on the rotating unit sphere. Our spectrally accurate numerical error analysis is based on the Gevrey regularity of the solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations on the sphere. The scheme is designed for convenient application of fast evaluation techniques such as the fast Fourier transform (FFT), and the implementation is based o...
[texts]Stability and preconditioning for a hybrid approximation on the sphere - Q. T. Le Gia
This paper proposes a new preconditioning scheme for a linear system with a saddle-point structure arising from a hybrid approximation scheme on the sphere, an approximation scheme that combines (local) spherical radial basis functions and (global) spherical polynomials. Making use of a recently derived inf-sup condition [13] and the Brezzi stability and convergence theorem for this approximation scheme, we show that the linear system can be optimally preconditioned with a suitable block-diagona...
[texts]HI Observations of the Asymptotic Giant Branch Star X Herculis: Discovery of an Extended Circumstellar Wake Superposed on a Compact High-Velocity Cloud - L. D. Matthews
We report HI 21-cm line observations of the AGB star X Her obtained with the Green Bank Telescope (GBT) and the Very Large Array (VLA). We have detected HI emission totaling M_HI=2.1e-03 M_sun associated with the circumstellar envelope of the star. The HI distribution exhibits a head-tail morphology, similar to those previously observed around Mira and RS Cnc. The tail extends ~6.0' (0.24 pc) in the plane of the sky, along the direction of the star's space motion...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Circumstellar HI and CO around the carbon stars V1942 Sgr and V CrB - Y. Libert
Context. The majority of stars that leave the main sequence are undergoing extensive mass loss, in particular during the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) phase of evolution. Observations show that the rate at which this phenomenon develops differs highly from source to source, so that the time-integrated mass loss as a function of the initial conditions (mass, metallicity, etc.) and of the stage of evolution is presently not well understood...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Carbon stars in the IRTS survey - T. Le Bertre
We have identified 139 cool carbon stars in the near-infrared spectro-photometric survey of the InfraRed Telescope in Space (IRTS) from the conspicuous presence of molecular absorption bands at 1.8, 3.1 and 3.8 microns. Among them 14 are new, bright (K ~ 4.0-7.0), carbon stars. We find a trend relating the 3.1 microns band strength to the K-L' color index, which is known to correlate with mass-loss rate...
Downloads: 1
[texts]CO and HI observations of an enigmatic cloud - Y. Libert
An isolated HI cloud with peculiar properties has recently been discovered by Dedes, Dedes, & Kalberla (2008, A&A, 491, L45) with the 300-m Arecibo telescope, and subsequently imaged with the VLA. It has an angular size of ~6', and the HI emission has a narrow line profile of width ~ 3 km/s. We explore the possibility that this cloud could be associated with a circumstellar envelope ejected by an evolved star...
Downloads: 2
[texts]An HI Imaging Survey of Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars - L. D. Matthews
We present an imaging study of a sample of eight asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in the HI 21-cm line. Using observations from the Very Large Array, we have unambiguously detected HI emission associated with the extended circumstellar envelopes of six of the targets. The detected HI masses range from M_HI ~ 0.015-0.055 M_sun. The HI morphologies and kinematics are diverse, but in all cases appear to be significantly influenced by the interaction between the circumstellar envelope and the sur...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Discovery of an HI Counterpart to the Extended Tail of Mira - L. D. Matthews
We report the detection of an HI counterpart to the extended, far-ultraviolet-emitting tail associated with the asymptotic giant branch star Mira (o Ceti). Using the Nancay Radio Telescope (NRT), we have detected emission as far as 88' north of the star, confirming that the tail contains a significant atomic component (M_HI ~ 4x10e-3 M_sun). The NRT spectra reveal a deceleration of the tail gas caused by interaction with the local interstellar medium...
Downloads: 4
[texts]Elastic constants and high-pressure structural transitions in lanthanum monochalcogenides from experiment and theory - G. Vaitheeswaran
The high-pressure structural behavior of lanthanum monochalcogenides is investigated by theory and experiment. Theory comprises density functional calculations of LaS, LaSe and LaTe with the general gradient approximation for exchange and correlation effects, as implemented within the full-potential linear muffin-tin orbital method. The experimental studies consist of high-pressure angle dispersive x-ray diffraction investigations of LaS and LaSe up to a maximum pressure of 41 GPa...
[texts]The Origin of the X-ray and Ultraviolet Emission in NGC 7469 - K. Nandra
We present a spectral analysis of a 30d, near-continuous observation of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 7469 with RXTE. Daily integrations show strong spectral changes during the observation. Ourmain result is that we find the X-ray spectral index to be correlated with the UV flux. Furthermore, the broad-band X-ray photon flux is also correlated with the UV continuum. These correlations point towards a model in which the X-rays originate via thermal Comptonization of UV seed photons...
[texts]Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers - C. Trallero-Herrero
We present experimental results showing the appearance of a near-continuum in the high-order harmonic generation (HHG) spectra of atomic and molecular species as the driving laser intensity of an infrared pulse increases. Detailed macroscopic simulations reveal that these near-continuum spectra are capable of producing IAPs in the far field if a proper spatial filter is applied. Further, our simulations show that the near-continuum spectra and the IAPs are a product of strong temporal and spatia...
Downloads: 2
[texts]From Design to Production Control Through the Integration of Engineering Data Management and Workflow Management Systems - J-M. Le Goff
At a time when many companies are under pressure to reduce "times-to-market" the management of product information from the early stages of design through assembly to manufacture and production has become increasingly important. Similarly in the construction of high energy physics devices the collection of (often evolving) engineering data is central to the subsequent physics analysis. Traditionally in industry design engineers have employed Engineering Data Management Systems (also called Produ...
Downloads: 8
[texts]Particle identification using clustering algorithms - R. Wirth
A method that uses fuzzy clustering algorithms to achieve particle identification based on pulse shape analysis is presented. The fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm is used to compute mean (principal) pulse shapes induced by different particle species in an automatic and unsupervised fashion from a mixed set of data. A discrimination amplitude is proposed using these principal pulse shapes to identify the originating particle species of a detector pulse...
Downloads: 3
[texts]Towards a Flexible Array Control and Operation Framework for CTA - E. Birsin
The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) \cite{CTA:2010} will be the successor to current Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACT) like H.E.S.S., MAGIC and VERITAS. CTA will improve in sensitivity by about an order of magnitude compared to the current generation of IACTs. The energy range will extend from well below 100 GeV to above 100 TeV. To accomplish these goals, CTA will consist of two arrays, one in each hemisphere, consisting of 50-80 telescopes and composed of three different telescop...
[texts]The DENIS Point Source Catalogue towards the Magellanic Clouds - M-R. Cioni
We have compiled the near infrared Point Source Catalogue (PSC) towards the Magellanic Clouds (MCs) extracted from the data obtained with the Deep Near Infrared Survey of the Southern Sky - DENIS (Epchtein et al. 1997). The catalogue covers an area of of 19.87* 16 square degrees centered on (RA, DEC)=(5h27m20s, -69o00'00'') for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and 14.7* 10 square degrees centered on (RA, DEC)=(h02m40s, -73o00'00'' for the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) at the epoch J2000...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Well-developed deformation in 42Si - S. Takeuchi
Excited states in 38,40,42Si nuclei have been studied via in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy with multi-nucleon removal reactions. Intense radioactive beams of 40S and 44S provided at the new facility of the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory enabled gamma-gamma coincidence measurements. A prominent gamma line observed with an energy of 742(8) keV in 42Si confirms the 2+ state reported in an earlier study...
Downloads: 3
[texts]Coulomb excitation of exotic nuclei at the R3B-LAND setup - D. M. Rossi
Exotic Ni isotopes have been measured at the R3B-LAND setup at GSI in Darmstadt, using Coulomb excitation in inverse kinematics at beam energies around 500 MeV/u. As the experimental setup allows kinematically complete measurements, the excitation energy was reconstructed using the invariant mass method. The GDR and additional low-lying strength have been observed in 68Ni, the latter exhausting 4.1(1.9)% of the E1 energy-weighted sum rule...
[texts]The Science Case for PILOT I: Summary and Overview - J. S. Lawrence
PILOT (the Pathfinder for an International Large Optical Telescope) is a proposed 2.5 m optical/infrared telescope to be located at Dome C on the Antarctic plateau. Conditions at Dome C are known to be exceptional for astronomy. The seeing (above ~30 m height), coherence time, and isoplanatic angle are all twice s good as at typical mid-latitude sites, while the water-vapour column, and the atmosphere and telescope thermal emission are all an order of magnitude better...
Downloads: 3
[texts]The T2K ND280 Off-Axis Pi-Zero Detector - S. Assylbekov
The Pi-Zero detector (P{\O}D) is one of the subdetectors that makes up the off-axis near detector for the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) long baseline neutrino experiment. The primary goal for the P{\O}D is to measure the relevant cross sections for neutrino interactions that generate pi-zero's, especially the cross section for neutral current pi-zero interactions, which are one of the dominant sources of background to the electron neutrino appearance signal in T2K...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Structure of 55Ti from relativistic one-neutron knockout - P. Maierbeck
Results are presented from a one-neutron knockout reaction at relativistic energies on 56Ti using the GSI FRS as a two-stage magnetic spectrometer and the Miniball array for gamma-ray detection. Inclusive and exclusive longitudinal momentum distributions and cross-sections were measured enabling the determination of the orbital angular momentum of the populated states. First-time observation of the 955(6) keV nu p3/2-hole state in 55Ti is reported...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Demonstration of Communication using Neutrinos - D. D. Stancil
Beams of neutrinos have been proposed as a vehicle for communications under unusual circumstances, such as direct point-to-point global communication, communication with submarines, secure communications and interstellar communication. We report on the performance of a low-rate communications link established using the NuMI beam line and the MINERvA detector at Fermilab. The link achieved a decoded data rate of 0.1 bits/sec with a bit error rate of 1% over a distance of 1.035 km, including 240 m...
Downloads: 7
[texts]Beyond the Neutron Drip-Line: The Unbound Oxygen Isotopes 25O and 26O - C. Caesar
The very neutron-rich oxygen isotopes 25O and 26O are investigated experimentally and theoret- ically. In this first R3B-LAND experiment, the unbound states are populated at GSI via proton- knockout reactions from 26F and 27F at relativistic energies around 450 MeV/nucleon. From the kinematically complete measurement of the decay into 24O plus one or two neutrons, the 25O ground- state energy and lifetime are determined, and upper limits for the 26O ground state are extracted...
[texts]Measurements of the T2K neutrino beam properties using the INGRID on-axis near detector - K. Abe
Precise measurement of neutrino beam direction and intensity was achieved based on a new concept with modularized neutrino detectors. INGRID (Interactive Neutrino GRID) is an on-axis near detector for the T2K long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. INGRID consists of 16 identical modules arranged in horizontal and vertical arrays around the beam center. The module has a sandwich structure of iron target plates and scintillator trackers...
Downloads: 8
[texts]First Muon-Neutrino Disappearance Study with an Off-Axis Beam - T2K Collaboration
We report a measurement of muon-neutrino disappearance in the T2K experiment. The 295-km muon-neutrino beam from Tokai to Kamioka is the first implementation of the off-axis technique in a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. With data corresponding to 1.43 10**20 protons on target, we observe 31 fully-contained single muon-like ring events in Super-Kamiokande, compared with an expectation of 104 +- 14 (syst) events without neutrino oscillations...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Indication of Electron Neutrino Appearance from an Accelerator-produced Off-axis Muon Neutrino Beam - T2K Collaboration
The T2K experiment observes indications of $\nu_\mu\rightarrow \nu_e$ appearance in data accumulated with $1.43\times10^{20}$ protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with $|\Delta m_{23}^2|=2.4\times10^{-3}$ eV$^2$, $\sin^2 2\theta_{23}=1$ and $\sin^2 2\theta_{13}=0$, the expected number of such events is 1.5$\pm$0.3(syst.)...
Downloads: 7
[texts]Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier - J. L. Hewett
The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms.
Downloads: 1
[texts]The T2K Experiment - T2K Collaboration
The T2K experiment is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. Its main goal is to measure the last unknown lepton sector mixing angle {\theta}_{13} by observing {\nu}_e appearance in a {\nu}_{\mu} beam. It also aims to make a precision measurement of the known oscillation parameters, {\Delta}m^{2}_{23} and sin^{2} 2{\theta}_{23}, via {\nu}_{\mu} disappearance studies. Other goals of the experiment include various neutrino cross section measurements and sterile neutrino searches...
Downloads: 10
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